Motivationby Paul Matthews
Motivation has been studied by psychologists, managers and researchers for many years and there are many interesting theories to consider. Here are a few of the best known ones.
We know nothing about motivation. All we can do is write books about it.
Abraham Maslow – hierarchy of needs
David McClelland – theory based on needs for achievement, affiliation or power
Victor Vroom – expectancy theory
Frederick Herzberg – two factor theory of motivators and hygiene factors
Douglas McGregor – Theory X and Theory Y
We hope to make clear the ways in which dialectical and metaphysical issues necessarily figure in the subject of motivation. Our speculations, as we interpret them, should show that the subject of motivation is a philosophic one, not ultimately to be solved in terms of empirical science.