by Paul Matthews

The theories

Motivation has been studied by psychologists, managers and researchers for many years and there are many interesting theories to consider. Here are a few of the best known ones.

We know nothing about motivation. All we can do is write books about it.

Peter Drucker

Abraham Maslow – hierarchy of needs

David McClelland – theory based on needs for achievement, affiliation or power

Victor Vroom – expectancy theory

Frederick Herzberg – two factor theory of motivators and hygiene factors

Douglas McGregor – Theory X and Theory Y

We hope to make clear the ways in which dialectical and metaphysical issues necessarily figure in the subject of motivation. Our speculations, as we interpret them, should show that the subject of motivation is a philosophic one, not ultimately to be solved in terms of empirical science.

Kenneth Burke